AIARD's leadership and members employ a four-fold approach to accomplish its mission. The Association considers its charge to:
- Inform members and U.S. and international collaborators and development institutions about appropriate strategies and institutional approaches to improve agriculture and increase rural development within a rapidly changing global environment.
- Stimulate improved understanding and support for international development and the essential role which agriculture and rural development have in fostering greater global well-being.
- Explore and advance the synergistic relationships between agriculture and rural development and economic development; management of the environment, agricultural development and poverty; and poverty, nutrition and hunger as key themes for promoting a more sustainable global society.
- Promote greater interaction and cooperation among all organizations engaged in international development, emphasizing the primacy of agriculture and rural development.